Sexual problem or sexual dysfunction refers to a problem at any stage of the sexual response cycle that prevents men or a couple from enjoying their satisfaction. The cycle of sexual reactions includes four phases: emotion, plateau, orgasm and resolution.
Although research suggests that sexual dysfunction is common (43% of women and 31% of men report some degree of difficulty), this is a topic that many people do not want to discuss. Fortunately, most cases of sexual dysfunction are curable. That is why it is important to share your concerns with your partner and doctor.
What are the causes of male sexual problems?
Sexual dysfunction in men may result from physical or mental problems.
Physical causes: Many physical and medical conditions can cause problems with sexual functioning. These diseases include diabetes, heart and vascular diseases (blood vessels), neurological disorders, hormonal imbalance, chronic diseases such as kidney or liver failure, alcoholism and drug addiction. In addition, the side effects of certain medications, including some antidepressants, can affect sexual desire and function.
Psychological causes: include stress and work-related anxiety, problems with sexual performance, marital or marital problems, depression, guilt and the effects of past sexual trauma.
Who is worried about sexual problems?
Men and women have sexual problems. Sexual problems occur in adults of all ages. Among the most affected are members of the geriatric population, which may be related to the degradation of health associated with aging.
How do sexual problems affect men?
The most common sexual problems in men are ejaculation disorders, erectile dysfunction and suppression of sexual desire.
What are ejaculation disorders?
There are various types of ejaculation disorders in men, including:
Premature ejaculation: ejaculation that occurs before or soon after penetration.
Inhibited or delayed ejaculation: ejaculation is slow.
Reverse ejaculation: occurs when during orgasm, ejaculation is forced into the bladder instead of the urethra and the tip of the penis.
In some cases, premature and inhibited ejaculation is caused by psychological factors, including the strict religious context that causes the person to regard sex as a sin, lack of attraction to the partner, and past traumatic events. Premature ejaculation, the most common form of sexual dysfunction in men, is often caused by nervousness caused by the latter during sexual intercourse. Some medicines, including some antidepressants, can affect ejaculation because they can damage the nerves in the spinal cord or the back.
Reverse ejaculation is common in men with diabetes with diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage). This is due to nervous problems in the bladder and neck of the bladder, which allow you to reduce ejaculation. In other men, ejaculation occurs after surgery on the neck of the bladder or prostate or after some abdominal operations. In addition, some drugs, especially those used to treat mood disorders, can cause ejaculation problems.
What are erectile dysfunctions?
Also known as impotence, erectile dysfunction is defined as the inability to achieve and / or maintain an erection appropriate for sexual intercourse. The causes of erectile dysfunction include diseases that affect blood flow, such as atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries); nervous disorders; Psychological factors such as stress, depression and fear of fitness (nervousness about sexual abilities) and penile injuries. Chronic diseases, some medicines and a condition called Peyronie’s disease (a scar on the penis) can also cause erectile dysfunction.
What is blocked sexual desire?
A blocked desire or loss of libido means a reduction in the desire or interest in sexual activity. The reduction in libido may be due to physical or mental factors. It is associated with low levels of testosterone. It can also be caused by psychological problems such as anxiety and depression; medical diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure; some medicines, including some antidepressants; and difficulties related to relationships.
How are the sexual problems of men diagnosed?
To diagnose a man’s sexual problem, the doctor will probably start with a full history of symptoms and physical examination. It may require additional tests to eliminate medical problems that may cause a malfunction. The doctor may refer you to other health professionals, including a urologist (a specialist in the urinary and reproductive systems), a sex therapist and other advisers.
How is sexual dysfunction treated in men?
Many cases of sexual dysfunction can be corrected by treating basic physical or mental problems. Treatment strategies may include:
Treatment: treatment of any physical problems that may contribute to male sexual dysfunction.
Drugs: Drugs like Cialis, Levitra, Staxyn, Stendra or Viagra can help improve erections in men by increasing blood flow to the penis. Promescent is a medicine used to treat premature ejaculation. The topical spray is applied to the penis and contains lidocaine that reduces sensitivity and provides better control of ejaculation.
Hormones: men with low testosterone levels can take advantage of testosterone replacement therapy.
Psychological therapy: therapy with a qualified counselor can help a person cope with feelings of fear, fear or guilt that can affect sexual function.
Mechanical aids: Aids such as vacuum cleaners and penile implants can help men with erectile dysfunction.
Education and communication: education about sex and sexual behavior and response can help a person overcome their concerns about sexual performance. An open dialogue with your partner about your needs and concerns also helps you overcome many obstacles in a healthy sexual life.
Can we cure sexual problems?
The success of treating sexual dysfunctions depends on the cause of the problem. The prospects are good for dysfunction associated with curable or reversible physical condition. Mild dysfunctions associated with stress, fear or anxiety can often be effectively solved through counseling, education and better communication between couples.
Can we prevent sexual problems?
While sexual problems can not be avoided, addressing the root causes of dysfunction can help you better understand the problem and manage it when it occurs. There are several things you can do to maintain good sexual performance:
Follow your doctor’s treatment plan for any medical problems.
Limit your alcohol consumption.
Treat any emotional or psychological problems such as stress, depression and anxiety. Get treatment if needed.
Increase communication with your partner.
When should I call a doctor about sexual dysfunction?
Many men have a problem with sexual function from time to time. However, when problems persist, they can cause suffering to a man and his partner and have a negative impact on their relationships. If you regularly experience problems with sexual functioning, consult a doctor for evaluation and treatment.